Ancient History

On History-Book.net you can witness the start of a compendium about ancient history based on the revelations of archeology and history within the last fifteen (or so) years. Further and further the New Chronology of Ancient History is being accepted as a reliable basis to understand the multitudinous interactions and circumstances of ancient persons, people, countries, and nations.

Although there are admittedly still many long-standing questions that need answers yet to be found, the overall picture of ancient times lacks fewer and fewer pieces of the puzzle.

The data to compile such a coherent picture has been taken out of all available sources, as long as they are sufficiently reliable and contribute valuable information for the New Chronology (but also contradictory information has been considered).

The most numerous sources of course come from places in Mesopotamia, where ancient city states and empires left almost innumerable artefacts and archeological finds as well as countless texts, but also Egypt yields wealth of information, with its great painted tombs telling stories of god-kings and its marvellous temples, palaces, and ordinary houses with all kinds of items of art, literature, and ordinary every-day life found within them. Also the great traditions of the Bible and of Ethiopian lore, each with numerous interactions and periods of history shared with Egypt and the different political entities of Mesopotamia, make up important pieces of the puzzle as well.

Ever since the times of Napoleon and Queen Victoria, when archeology in the field on the one hand and evaluation of historical texts on the other hand had become real scientific domains, researchers have tried to put together a sound story of ancient times, and many of their conclusions ruled academic circles as well as the common knowledge until fairly recently. But in the last decades of the last century many new discoveries in the field but also in the vast material collections of museums all over the world led to serious adjustments in some major areas, the one with the most aftereffects being the re-dating of Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period (TIP) by David Rohl which altered the perception of all the eras before it entirely. Through this re-adjustment of almost all of Egypt’s history prior to the TIP new light was shed on previously misinterpreted finds and quotes from ancient texts. All of a sudden the events of Egyptian lore fell in place harmoneously with those known from Mesopotamian records or the Bible. And also in other historical environments (e.g. Greece, Anatolia, and Ethiopia) many dates that were closely interconnected with developments in Egypt could be ascertained within a new overall context.